Availability Estimates of Low-Cost, Dispatch-Constrained Electricity (LDE)

This dataset accompanies the report "Potential Availability of and Supply Curves for Low-Cost, Dispatch-Constrained Electricity", which provides initial estimates of the quantity and availability of the potential low-cost, dispatch-constrained electricity (LDE) resource in the United States under scenarios with high variable renewable energy (VRE) penetrations. The analysis also estimates supply curves that can be used in subsequent analysis of the opportunity to use the LDE. The estimated LDE resource could be used for various applications that value low-cost electricity and can operate at reduced capacity factors, including electrolytic hydrogen production and carbon capture. The analysis accompanying this dataset was performed in 2018-2019 to support an analysis of "The Technical and Economic Potential of the H2@Scale Concept within the United States" (https://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy21osti/77610.pdf).

This dataset includes the quantity of estimated LDE resource for each hour of the year in 2050, aggregated to both the national level and the ReEDS balancing area level. As described in the accompanying report, the ReEDS model was used to project the evolution of the power sector over time. Links to the mapping of ReEDS balancing areas to states and ReEDS balancing area shape files are provided. This dataset also includes the report figure data.
5 Data Resources
Name Size Type Resource Description History
National LDE Availability 4.39 MB Data Hourly availability of estimated LDE resource in the US for the year 2050 for two grid scenarios and differing LDE prices.
Balancing Area LDE Availability 524.26 MB Data Hourly availability of estimated LDE resource for each ReEDS balancing area in the year 2050 for two grid scenarios and differing LDE prices.
ReEDS Balancing Area Hierarchy 0 KB Website Mapping of ReEDS balancing area to state and other geographic regions.
ReEDS Balancing Area Shape Files 0 KB Website Shapes files for ReEDS balancing areas.
Report Figures 552.33 KB Data Numeric tables for figures in main body of accompanying report.
Author Information
Mark Ruth, Energy Systems Integration, ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1838-0617
Paige Jadun, Center for Integrated Mobility Sciences, ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1086-4454
Wesley Cole, Grid Planning and Analysis Center, ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9194-065X
Cite This Dataset
Ruth, Mark, Paige Jadun, and Wesley Cole. 2023. "Availability Estimates of Low-Cost, Dispatch-Constrained Electricity (LDE)." NREL Data Catalog. Golden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Last updated: December 12, 2023. DOI: 10.7799/1957644.
About This Dataset
DOE Project
H2@Scale Technoeconomic Analysis
High Performance Computing Center (HPC)
Funding Organization
Department of Energy (DOE)
Sponsoring Organization
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Hydrogen Fuel Cell Technologies Office (HFTO)
Research Areas
Energy Analysis
Hydrogen and Fuel Cells
Solar Power
Wind Energy
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Digital Object Identifier