Life Cycle Emissions Factors for Electricity Generation Technologies

This dataset consists of a table containing the distribution of literature estimates of greenhouse gas emissions for the following electricity generation and storage technologies: biopower, coal, concentrating solar power, geothermal, hydrogen storage, hydropower, lithium-ion battery storage, natural gas, nuclear, ocean, oil, photovoltaic, pumped-storage hydropower, and wind. Quartile estimates of life cycle emissions factors in units of grams of carbon dioxide equivalent per kilowatt hour of generation (g CO2e/kWh) are provided for the following life cycle stages: one-time upstream, ongoing combustion, ongoing non-combustion, one-time downstream, and total.

Literature estimates were compiled by the LCA Harmonization study and subsequent updates, as detailed in the factsheet which accompanies this dataset, https://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy21osti/80580.pdf.
2 Data Resources
Name Size Type Resource Description History
Life Cycle Emissions Factors for Electricity Generation Technologies, by Life Cycle Phase 27.89 KB Data A table containing the distribution of literature estimates of greenhouse gas emissions for the following electricity generation and storage technologies: biopower, coal, concentrating solar power, geothermal, hydrogen storage, hydropower, lithium-ion battery storage, natural gas, nuclear, ocean, oil, photovoltaic, pumped-storage hydropower, and wind. Quartile estimates of life cycle emissions factors in units of grams of carbon dioxide equivalent per kilowatt hour of generation (g CO2e/kWh) are provided for the following life cycle stages: one-time upstream, ongoing combustion, ongoing non-combustion, one-time downstream, and total.
Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Electricity Generation: Update 0 KB Website As clean energy increasingly becomes part of the national dialogue, lenders, utilities, and lawmakers need the most comprehensive and accurate information on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from various sources of energy to inform policy, planning, and investment decisions. Since the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) published original results from the Life Cycle Assessment Harmonization Project (Heath and Mann 2012), it has updated estimates of electricity generation GHG emissions factors as part of several recent studies. This fact sheet updates an earlier version (NREL 2013).
Author Information
Scott Nicholson, Energy Systems Integration, ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8778-1580
Garvin Heath, Strategic Energy Analysis Center, ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6010-4475
Cite This Dataset
Nicholson, Scott; Heath, Garvin (2021): Life Cycle Emissions Factors for Electricity Generation Technologies. National Renewable Energy Laboratory. https://data.nrel.gov/submissions/171
About This Dataset
171
10.7799/1819907
NREL/FS-6A50-80580
Public
09/14/2021
DOE Project
Geothermal Vision Study - Direct Use
Funding Organization
Department of Energy (DOE)
Sponsoring Organization
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Geothermal Technologies Office (EE-4G)
Research Areas
Bioenergy
Energy Analysis
Geothermal Energy
Hydrogen and Fuel Cells
Solar Power
Water Power
Wind Energy
License
View License
Digital Object Identifier
10.7799/1819907