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U.S. Solar Photovoltaic System and Energy Storage Cost Benchmarks: Q1 2021

NREL has been modeling U.S. solar photovoltaic (PV) system costs since 2009. This year, our report benchmarks costs of U.S. PV for residential, commercial, and utility-scale systems, with and without storage, built in the first quarter of 2021 (Q1 2021)…
PV
solar
battery energy storage
capital cost
bottom-up cost model
cost analysis
utility-scale solar
commercial
Residential Solar
Submitted 11/08/2021 - 14:15 by Vignesh Ramasamy

U.S. Solar Photovoltaic BESS System Cost Benchmark Q1 2020 Report

NREL has been modeling U.S. solar photovoltaic (PV) system costs since 2009. This year, our report benchmarks costs of U.S. PV for residential, commercial, and utility-scale systems, with and without storage, built in the first quarter of 2020 (Q1 2020)…
NREL
energy
data
PV photovoltaic solar energy
LCOE
capital cost
overnight capital cost
2020
LCOSS
levelized cost of energy
Submitted 01/26/2021 - 15:21 by David Feldman

Opportunities for Solar for Industrial Process Heat in the United States

Figure data for report on opportunities for solar technologies to provide industrial process heat in the United States (NREL/TP-6A20-77760).
solar industrial process heat
heat pumps
PV
technical potential
concentrating solar power
Submitted 12/24/2020 - 06:03 by Colin McMillan

2020 Annual Technology Baseline (ATB) Cost and Performance Data for Electricity Generation Technologies

Starting in 2015 NREL has presented the Annual Technology Baseline (ATB) in an Excel workbook that contains detailed cost and performance data, both current and projected, for renewable and conventional technologies. The workbook includes a spreadsheet…
NREL
energy
data
wind
PV photovoltaic solar energy
concentrating solar power
geothermal
hydropower
battery energy storage
CAPEX
capital expenditures
overnight capital cost
cost and performance
capacity factor
operations and maintenance
projection
renewable energy
United States
levelized cost of energy
LCOE
Submitted 07/28/2020 - 16:38 by Laura Vimmerstedt

Electrification Futures Study Load Profiles

This data set includes hourly load profiles developed for the Electrification Futures Study (EFS). The load profiles represent projected end-use electricity demand for various scenarios of electrification (Reference, Medium, High) and technology…
NREL
energy
data
electrification
buildings
transportation
industry
Electrification Futures Study
EFS
United States
end-use technologies
electrotechnologies
energy transitions
2050
load profile
Submitted 01/14/2020 - 17:02 by Paige Jadun

2018 Industrial Energy Data Book

The Industrial Energy Data Book (IEDB) aggregates and synthesizes information on the trends in industrial energy use, energy prices, economic activity, and water use. The IEDB also estimates county-level industrial energy use and combustion energy use of…
NREL
energy
Industrial Energy Data Book
industry
agriculture
mining
construction
manufacturing
county
Submitted 11/14/2019 - 07:47 by Colin McMillan

Manufacturing Thermal Energy Use in 2014

The first data set estimates thermal energy use (i.e., fuels combusted for process heating, boilers, and combined heat and power/cogeneration) by end use, temperature, county, and facility employment size class for all U.S. manufacturing industries in…
NREL
energy
data
manufacturing
boilers
process heat
temperature
thermal energy
CHP
cogeneration
Submitted 09/27/2019 - 08:01 by Colin McMillan

2019 Annual Technology Baseline ATB Cost and Performance Data for Electricity Generation Technologies

Starting in 2015 NREL has presented the Annual Technology Baseline ATB in an Excel workbook that contains detailed cost and performance data both current and projected for renewable and conventional technologies. The workbook includes a spreadsheet for…
NREL
energy
data
wind
PV
photovoltaic
concentrating solar power
geothermal
hydropower
battery energy storage
CAPEX
capital expenditures
overnight capital cost
cost and performance
capacity factor
operations and maintenance
OM
projection
renewable energy
RE
United States
levelized cost of energy
LCOE
Submitted 07/23/2019 - 21:45 by Laura Vimmerstedt

U.S. Solar Photovoltaic System Cost Benchmark Q1 2018

NREL has been modeling U.S. photovoltaic PV system costs since 2009. The U.S. Solar Photovoltaic System CostBenchmark Q1 2018 report benchmarks costs of U.S. solar PV for residential commercial and utility-scale systems built in the first quarter of 2018…
NREL
energy
data
PV photovoltaic solar energy
LCOE
capital cost
2018
Submitted 03/15/2019 - 08:50 by Ran Fu

United States County-Level Industrial Energy Use

Estimated industrial manufacturing agriculture construction and mining energy estimated by North American Industrial Classification System NAICS code county and fuel type for 2014. Additional disaggregation by end use e.g. machine drive process heating…
NREL
energy
data
industry
manufacturing
mining
agriculture
construction
North America
Submitted 09/27/2018 - 20:58 by Colin McMillan